The summit is held on an annual basis to discuss some of the priority issues faced by these countries – with climate change and coronavirus set for this year's agenda.
When is the event taking place?
The summit will take place between 11 - 13 June 2021 in Carbis Bay, Cornwall.
Which countries will attend?
The ‘G7’ stands for the Group of Seven, an intergovernmental organisation whose members are countries with “advanced economies and open societies”.
These countries are:
Leaders from some additional countries have also been invited as guests to this year’s summit. These are India, Australia, South Africa and South Korea.
EU representatives will also attend.
Why is the summit held?
G7 leaders regularly meet in order to discuss shared goals and values.
The main event in the calendar is the G7 summit, this year taking place in Cornwall.
The G7 website states: “In past years the G7 has taken action to strengthen the global economy and combat tax evasion, save 27 million lives from AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, and supported the education of millions of children in the poorest countries.
“In 2015 its members led the way in helping secure the historic Paris Climate Agreement to limit global emissions.”
This year’s summit will mark the first in-person leader’s meeting in almost two years, as last year’s summit was cancelled due to the coronavirus pandemic.
What will be discussed at this year’s summit?
According to the UK’s government website, Prime Minister Boris Johnson hopes to use the meeting to “intensify cooperation between the world’s democratic and technologically advanced nations.”
“To that end, he has invited leaders from Australia, India and South Korea to attend as guest countries to deepen the expertise and experience around the table. Between them, the 10 leaders represent over 60% of the people living in democracies around the world”, it reads.
The G7 website, meanwhile, says:
“Prime Minister Boris Johnson will use the UK’s G7 Presidency to unite leading democracies to help the world fight, and then build back better from coronavirus and create a greener, more prosperous future.”
Challenges like coronavirus, and climate change, are expected to be the most prominent topics on the agenda.
The UK Presidency of the G7 has set out the following Policy Priorities:
- leading the global recovery from coronavirus while strengthening our resilience against future pandemics
- promoting our future prosperity by championing free and fair trade
- tackling climate change and preserving the planet’s biodiversity
- championing our shared values
In line with the summit’s focus on climate change, the event purports to be the first carbon-neutral G7 summit.
Johnson said of the summit:
“As the most prominent grouping of democratic countries, the G7 has long been the catalyst for decisive international action to tackle the greatest challenges we face. From cancelling developing world debt to our universal condemnation of Russia’s annexation of Crimea, the world has looked to the G7 to apply our shared values and diplomatic might to create a more open and prosperous planet.”