Oat milk giant Oatly loses trademark legal case against family-run Cambridgeshire farm

Oatly’s lawyers argued that Glebe Farm Foods had infringed five of their trademarks with the “PureOaty” name - but the judge disagreed

Philip and Rebecca Rayner of Glebe Farm Foods with a bottle of their PureOaty milk on their Cambridgeshire farm

One is a family-run company based in rural Cambridgeshire, the other is a Swedish based giant whose oat milk product is sold in 60,000 stores and 32,200 coffee shops around the world.

But in a court battle described as David versus Goliath, it was Glebe Farm Foods which won out.

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At-a-glance: 5 key points

  • Oatly brought legal action against Glebe Farm Foods, which specialises in producing gluten-free oats, accusing them of attempting to take “unfair advantage” of Oatly’s trademarks with their oat drink called “PureOaty”.
  • Glebe Farm Foods, run by brother and sister Philip and Rebecca Rayner, denied the claims and in a judgment on Thursday, Judge Nicholas Caddick QC ruled in favour of the siblings.
  • During a two-day hearing in June, the High Court in London heard that the farming company launched an oat milk in 2019 called “Oat Drink”, before launching the rebranded “PureOaty” in 2020.
  • Oatly’s lawyers argued that Glebe Farm Foods had infringed five of their firm’s trademarks with the “PureOaty” name and the drink’s packaging, as well as “passing off” their product as Oatly’s.
  • Judge Caddick found there were similarities between the initial PureOaty packaging and the Oatly packaging, including the use of the colour blue and the use of an irregular font for the product name. However, the judge said the similarities were “at a very general level”.
Oatly oat milk

What’s been said?

Oatly’s lawyers had also argued that customers could be confused into believing that PureOaty was a type of Oatly product, but had not produced any evidence.

Judge Caddick said: “It is hard to see how any relevant confusion would arise from the defendant’s use of the sign ‘PureOaty’. In particular, the use of ‘Pure’ as a prefix to the word ‘Oaty’ and the appearance of the carton as a whole seem to me to preclude any likelihood of the PureOaty product being seen as some sort of sub-brand of Oatly.”

Judge Caddick continued: “On the facts of this case, I do not see that there is any risk of injury to the distinctive character of Oatly’s marks.

“If Oatly loses sales, then it seems to me that that would be the result of there being a rival oat drink product on the market and not because the attractiveness of its brand as a badge of origin has been in any way diminished by the defendant’s use of the PureOaty sign.”

He concluded: “There is a relatively low or, at best, very modest level of similarity between the sign and the marks and that similarity is due to the presence in both the sign and the mark of the letters ‘oat’ that are descriptive of the relevant products.”

After the ruling, Mr Rayner said: “We have had the threat of this court case – which has pitched our challenger brand against Oatly’s multinational business – looming over us for more than a year.

“We have always felt certain that we have done nothing wrong, and we were determined to fight Oatly’s claims that our brands were similar – something that is now proven to be wrong.

“You only need to look at the two products and packaging side by side to appreciate how different these brands are, and how unnecessary this legal action was.”

He concluded: “It is enormously gratifying that the judge has ruled in our favour, and to see that smaller independent companies can fight back and win.”


Oatly’s lawyers had argued that customers could be confused into believing that PureOaty was a type of Oatly product, but had not produced any evidence.

After the verdict, Oatly has said it will not appeal the judgment.

PR manager Erica Wigge said: “While to some this might be seen as vindication for small oat drink companies over big oat drink companies, we actually never saw it that way.

“For us, this case has always been about protecting our trademark… If we were to let one company pass because they, like Glebe Farm, seem to be one of the good guys, that might leave the door open for the bad ones.”

She continued: “Truth is, we love all oat drink companies and never brought this case to damage Glebe Farm.

“In fact, we want them to thrive and help bring products into the world that are good for the planet.

“We just think they should do so in their own unique voice, just like we do.”

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