Pakistan floods: map of provinces affected by flooding, how to donate DEC appeal, how many people have died?

UN chief Antonio Guterres described the climate change-related weather event that’s hit the Asian nation as a ‘monsoon on steroids’

Unusually early and heavy monsoon rainfall has hit the entire country with the worst floods seen in the southern provinces of Balochistan and Sindh.

The mountainous north of the country - including the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa region - has also been badly hit.

International aid from United Nations (UN) agencies - including UNICEF - and nearby states has started to reach the Asian country, while an appeal has been launched by the UK Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC).

So where in Pakistan has the worst flooding been - and how can you donate to aid appeals intended to help the country?

Pakistan is bordered by Iran and Afghanistan to the West and North, and China and India to the East (graphic: Kim Mogg/NationalWorld)

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Where are the Pakistan floods?

Pakistan, along with most of the rest of southern and eastern Asia, gets hit by a monsoon every year.

These are powerful rainfall events that occur when temperature imbalances develop between the land and sea, causing moist air from the ocean to rise up above the land and then fall in often torrential storms.

Pakistan’s floods have hit the southern Sindh province the hardest (graphic: Kim Mogg/NationalWorld/United Nations)

The monsoon season in Pakistan typically begins in mid-July and ends by the start of September.

However, in 2022, the rains began in the middle of June and have been more intense than usual.

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According to the UN, rainfall across Pakistan has been 2.87 times higher than the national 30-year average, while some provinces have recorded rainfall that’s as much as five times above the 30-year average.

Pakistan has been hit by rainfall almost 3 times above its 30-year average (image: AFP/Getty Images)

Ensuing flash flooding has:

  • affected 33 million Pakistani people - one seventh of the country’s population
  • damaged or destroyed almost one million homes
  • covered a third of the country in water
  • killed 1,200 people and injured a further 1,500

The death toll is likely to mount as recovery operations continue.

Rescue and recovery perations are also being complicated by outbreaks of waterborne disease.

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Pakistan’s floods seen from space - the southern Sindh province is covered by water (image: European Space Agency)

The worst-hit areas have been in the Sindh province - a mostly flat region in the nation’s South East.

The mountainous Balochistan province in the South West and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in the North West have also been badly affected.

More than 150 bridges and 3,500km of roads have been washed away or badly damaged by the floods, making rescue and aid efforts much harder.

A third of Pakistan is said to be underwater (image: AFP/Getty Images)

Things have been made worse by what the UN has called “near incessant rainfall”, which has been causing landslides and overfilling of dam reservoirs.

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However, this situation is believed to have eased in the north as the rain has begun to stop.

More than 150 bridges have been swept away in Pakistan (image: AFP/getty Images)

Peak floodwaters are expected to hit Pakistan’s south via the Indus River by the end of the week, with local authorities urging people to find higher ground in the district of Dadu, Sindh on Friday (2 September).

Pakistani authorities say this year’s devastation is worse than in 2010 - when floods killed 1,700 people - and has been driven by climate change.

Sherry Rehman, a Pakistani senator and the country’s top climate official said: “We are at the moment at the ground zero of the front line of extreme weather events.

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“[We are] in an unrelenting cascade of heatwaves, forest fires, flash floods, multiple glacial lake outbursts, flood events, and now the monster monsoon of the decade is wreaking non-stop havoc throughout the country.”

Military chief General Qamar Javed Bajwa said on Sunday (28 August) that the country may take years to recover.

Pakistani authorities say the flash floods that have devastated the country have been caused by climate change (image: AFP/Getty Images)

How can you donate to Pakistan flood appeal?

The Pakistani government has said it will provide housing for all those who have lost their homes.

In conjunction with the United Nations, it has issued an appeal for $160 million in emergency funding from the international community.

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Residents in the Dadu district of the Sindh province have been urged to find higher ground ahead of peak floodwaters, which are expected by the end of the week (image: AFP/Getty Images)

International aid began to reach Pakistan on Monday (29 August).

It has so far come from countries including China, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Turkey, Uzbekistan and the UAE.

The US has pledged $30 million for flood victims, while the UK government has said it will match donations that come in through the DEC appeal.

Tens of millions of people have been displaced by the Pakistan floods (image: AFP/Getty Images)

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The UK Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) group of charities has also launched a call for donations through a specific Pakistan floods appeal.

The Prince of Wales has already pledged to make a donation to DEC charity Islamic Relief.

There are fears climate change could lead to further flooding in Pakistan, as the country is home to more glaciers than anywhere else in the world (image: AFP/Getty Images)