What is G20? List of countries, are China and Russia members, when and where is 2022 summit, will Putin attend
There have been calls for Russia to be expelled from the G20 after the invasion of Ukraine
The G20 has garnered attention after calls were made to expel Russia from the group.
Countries across the world retain membership of the group which plays a key role in the global economy.
But what exactly are the aims of the G20, which countries are members and where will this year’s summit take place?
This is everything you need to know about the G20.
What is the G20?
The G20 is an intergovernmental forum committed to address major issues impacting the global economy.
It was founded in 1999 after a number of economic crises across the world.
After the Global Financial Crash in 2008, the group grew in importance and began to meet more regularly.
The name G20 stands for “Group of Twenty”.
What countries are in the G20?
The G20 consists of 19 individual countries and the EU, bringing the total number of members to 20.
The 19 individual countries are composed of the world’s largest economies.
These countries are:
- South Korea
- Saudi Arabia
- South Africa
- United Kingdom
- United States
Economic leaders from each country attend a yearly summit to discuss ongoing major economic challenges facing the world economy.
When and where is this year’s G20 summit?
The G20 summit takes place annually.
The meeting tends to take place later in the year and is held in one of the member states.
This year’s summit will be held in Bali, Indonesia from 30-31 October.
Hosts are decided a few years in advance.
2023’s summit will be hosted in New Delhi, India, while 2024 and 2025’s meetings taking place in Brazil and Mexico respectively.
Will Russia be expelled from the G20?
Calls have ramped up from the West to expel Russia from the G20.
Most prominently, US President Joe Biden called for the removal of Putin’s country from the group during a visit to brussels for a NATO summit.
However he did concede that “depends on the G20 members agreeing to excommunicate Putin—which is unlikely.”
In order for a country to be expelled from the group, there must be a consensus from the members.
China has already publicly supported Russia in the G20, with Chinese foreign ministry spokeswoman Wang Wenbin describing the country as “ an important member”.
She added: “No member has the right to remove another country as a member.”
Indonesia has also remained impartial as hosts of this year’s summit, indicating that an invite would be extended to Vladimir Putin as normal.
Despite the unlikely scenario that Russia is removed from the G20, the Kremlin has indicated that the possible explusion would not phase Russia.
Kremlin spokesperson Dmitry Peskov said: “The G20 format is important, but in the current circumstances, when most of the participants are in a state of economic war with us, nothing terrible will happen.”
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