What is the Kremlin? Definition of Russian term, who is involved and where is it as eyes turn to Russia

The Kremlin is a key component of Russian politics and the country’s history

All eyes are on Russia next moves as it continues to assault Ukraine in a deadly invasion.

The country moved into the neighbouring region on 24 February with the Russian officials in the Kremlin backing the move.

The Kremlin - both the building and and as a governmental entity - plays a key role in Russian politics.

Not only is it key to modern history in the eastern European country but it is grounded in the foundation of Russia’s history.

Here’s everything you need to know about The Kremlin.

What is The Kremlin?

The Kremlin in the collective name used for the Russian Government.

It is also the name of the building in which the sitting president officially resides.

The word ‘kremlin’ comes from the literal definition of ‘fortress inside a city’.

What is the history of The Kremlin?

The sprawling structure was built between 1485 and 151 and features strikingly and elaborately decorated towers that are an identifying feature of Russia on the world stage.

Made up of the Grand Kremlin Palace, five other palaces, four cathedrals, kremlin towers and a wall enclosing them, the Kremlin has historically been used as the Tsar’s residence, before the monarchy was ousted in Russia.

Russia’s sitting president has instead used the Kremlin as their official resident since 1991.

Where is The Kremlin located?

The physical residence is located in Moscow’s Red Square.

As a result, the Kremlin, which is one of many across the country, is officially named Moscow Kremlin.

Although due to the notoriety compared to other similar buildings across Russia, it is commonly referred to as just “The Kremlin”.

Who is involved in The Kremlin?

The term ‘The Kremlin’ often refers to the Russian Government as a whole rather than just the traditional building.

There are many members of the ‘Kremlin’ in a governmental sense, most notably Russian President and head of state Vladimir Putin.

President Putin is head of the Kremlin, while there are many key influential players underneath the president including:

  • Mikhail Mishustin - Prime Minister
  • Sergey Lavrov - Foreign Affairs Minister
  • Anton Vaino - Chief of the President Administration
  • Sergei Shoigu - Defense Minister
  • Anton Siluanov - Finance Minister

A message from the editor:

Thank you for reading. NationalWorld is a new national news brand, produced by a team of journalists, editors, video producers and designers who live and work across the UK. Find out more about who’s who in the team, and our editorial values. We want to start a community among our readers, so please follow us on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram, and keep the conversation going. You can also sign up to our email newsletters and get a curated selection of our best reads to your inbox every day.