When do we eat hot cross buns at Easter? Good Friday tradition and why they are crossed explained
Hot cross buns are an Easter staple but there are several theories about where they come from and whether Good Friday is the day you’re meant to eat them
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While the religious element of the occasion is still marked by many people, the event is also a key break in the school calendar. It means you may well be filling this weekend with an Easter-themed activity.
There is also likely to be a lot of eating, given the event is closely associated with food. Eating fish and Easter eggs are among the most common foods you will tend to find over the holiday, with hot cross buns also highly likely to feature.
But are you meant to eat hot cross buns on Good Friday - and where do they orginate from? Here’s everything you need to know.
Where do hot cross buns originate from?
As with most UK traditions, the reason why hot cross buns came to be associated with Easter has been lost to history. But there are three main theories for their origins in the UK.
One theory is that a monk from the 14th century - Thomas Rocliffe - distributed them among the poor close to his monastery at St Albans, Hertfordshire on Good Friday. Rocliffe’s buns were slightly different to modern day hot cross buns in that they contained less fruit, had their cross cut rather than piped into the top of the bun and were known as Alban buns.
Another major theory is that the buns evolved out of breads baked to commemorate the life of Jesus Christ, after crossed loaves were found preserved in Herculaneum, close to Pompeii. Although historians think the crosses on the loaves may have been made to make them easier to break apart.
The final theory is that they were developed by the Anglo Saxons to celebrate the Pagan festival of Eostre - an event celebrating the goddess of dawn - that was merged with the Christian festival celebrating Jesus Christ’s life to become Easter. In this instance, historians think the cross on the top of the buns symbolised the four quarters of the moon.
When should you eat hot cross buns at Easter?
Whatever their origin, hot cross buns have been consumed in their current form for hundreds of years and were recorded by Samuel Pepys in the 17th century and Dr Johnson in the 18th century.
Meanwhile, the Widow’s Son pub in Bromley-by-Bow, east London has buns that are believed to date back to the mid-1800s hanging above its bar. The story goes that a widow didn’t believe her sailor son had died during the Napoleonic Wars, and so she kept leaving buns out at Easter so that he could eat them on his return to her cottage.
Every year on Good Friday, a sailor from the Royal Navy goes to the pub - which is on the site of the widow’s former home - to add a new bun to the hammock. Both sets of 19th century buns give credence to the saying that hot cross buns baked on Good Friday never decay.
This saying could be why hot cross buns are traditionally eaten on Good Friday - although you can now buy them in supermarkets throughout the year. It’s not known what specific time they should be eaten on Good Friday, but some people prefer them at breakfast and others like to eat them as an afternoon snack.
How can you serve hot cross buns?
There is no official way to serve up your hot cross buns. It’s likely they were eaten plain in the olden days.
But in modern times, they are usually sliced into two flat halves, toasted and then slathered with butter to create a decadent rich note that balances their sweetness. It’s unlikely you’ll want to top them with anything else, but hot cross buns do pair perfectly with a nice cup of breakfast tea or Earl Grey.