More than half of private renters living in cold, damp or mouldy homes, Citizens Advice warns

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The average private sector tenant in England is paying £350 more a year on heating

Some 2.7 million householders are living in excessively cold, damp or mouldy homes, a survey by Citizens Advice suggests.

For more than half of private renters in England - including 1.6 million children -

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poor living conditions are brought on by a combination of high energy bills and a lack of insulation, the charity said.

In the least energy-efficient homes, private tenants are 73% more likely to be living with damp if they are in a property with an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) rating of D-G rather than A-C. They are also 89% more likely to experience excessive cold in a D-G rated property than one rated A-C.

The average private sector tenant in England is paying £350 more a year on heating because of poorly insulated and damp homes, while those in the least efficient properties are paying an extra £950.

Citizens Advice warned that tenants in the private rental sector are some of the worst affected by the cost-of-living crisis and are paying for poor insulation. Those in the least efficient homes could pay £1,190 more a year to keep warm when energy bills rise again in April.

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Some 40% of renters said they had felt stressed as a result of damp, mould and excessive cold, with 36% saying it made them feel anxious.

Campaigners are now calling on the government to bring regulation of the private rental sector in line with social housing by following the lead set by ‘Awaab’s Law’. The newly announced government proposal places strict, legally binding timelines on social landlords to deal with serious issues such as damp and mould.

Two-year-old Awaab Ishak died in December 2020 from a respiratory condition caused by mould at his home in Rochdale, Greater Manchester.

Citizens Advice also urged the government to follow through on its promise to make sure all private rental properties are upgraded to a minimum EPC C by 2025.

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Landlords are currently required only to bring their properties up to an E rating and currently do not have to make any improvements costing more than £3,500 – a cap which Citizens Advice said needed to be increased to £10,000.

Gillian Cooper, head of energy policy at Citizens Advice, said: “Every week we hear stories of people living in cold, damp and mouldy properties they can’t afford to heat properly.

“It’s shameful that more than 20 years since legislation came into force to reduce fuel poverty and improve the energy performance of homes, people are still suffering.

“Improving energy efficiency in privately rented homes has never been more urgent. It’s the step needed to keep people’s essential bills low, while also helping to protect their mental and physical health.”

Yonder surveyed 2,000 private renters aged 18 and over in the UK between 23 to 31 January.

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